The Stabat Mater is a musical setting of the Stabat Mater sequence, composed by Luigi Boccherini in 1781 and revised in 1801.
Boccherini (1743 - 1805) was a musician best known for chamber music (string quintets). His vocal work is played less often. He worked as a cantatrice and wrote numerous religious works (including one mass, two motets and two oratorios).
His Stabat Mater was a command passed in 1781 by the office of Las Arenas, his employer, the child Don Luis. The text is a text dating from the 13th century and attributed to Jacopone da Todi which meditates on the suffering of Mary during the crucifixion. The first version consisted of one soprano voice accompanied by a string quintet (two violins, one viola, two cellos). It consists of 11 parts and lasts around three quarters of an hour. The musician rewrote it around twenty years later (in 1801) when he added an overture for two voices: a contralto and a tenor. The definitive work is known as opus 61 of the musician.
Stabat mater dolorosa, Grave assai
Cujus animam gementem, Allegro
Quae moerebat et dolebat, Allegretto con moto
Quid est homo, Adagio assai Recitativo
Pro peccatis suae gentis, Allegretto
Eja mater, fons amoris, Larghetto non tanto
Tui nati vulnerati, Allegro vivo
Virgo virginum praeclara, Andantino
Fac ut portem Christi mortem, Larghetto
Fac me plagis vulnerari, Allegro commodo
Quando corpus morietur, Andante lento